how to write opposing viewpoint in argumentative essay

You may be tempted to weaken an objection to your argument by turning it into a straw man, or a flimsy version of the original point. The writer supports his position with facts, logical reasoning and examples. As you look over a list of topics, find one that really piques your interest, as you'll be more successful if you're passionate about your topic. That includes researching to find the thought leaders on the opposing side of your topic, presenting their arguments in an honest light, and then moving into respectful refutation. Try to persuade this reader; work hard to demonstrate why your position is more convincing than the alternatives. For example, a person who has grown up hunting in a community that has never experienced gun violence might have a very different perspective on gun control than someone whose child was the victim of a shooting. By conceding this point is actually true and then responding with a strong rebuttal — an alternative to offset the high costs — the writer’s position becomes even stronger. An argumentative essay is quite similar to a persuasive essay, as it's designed to convince the reader of your point of view. You can introduce counterarguments with direct quotations from an opposing expert by paraphrasing, by offering a rhetorical example, or by offering a conditional statement. The approach here is, “I know what you’re thinking, but hang in there, and you’ll see where I’m coming from.”. In this example, the writer is putting himself in his reader’s place, voicing one of the most common and understandable objections to his thesis. After you present the likely objections to your argument, you can show your readers why they should be willing to take your side. Why is yours the stronger one? An argument must, by definition, take a stance on an issue and provide evidence for a particular conclusion. In argumentative essays, writers accomplish this by writing: A clear, persuasive thesis statement in the introduction paragraph Body paragraphs that use evidence and explanations to support the thesis statement A paragraph addressing opposing positions on the topic—when appropriate Structuring Your Argument 1 Create a catchy title. A very common method for writing an argumentative essay is the five-paragraph approach. It’s always a good idea at this stage to get some peer feedback, as your peers might be a good source of opposing views. The best way to counteract an opposing viewpoint is to anticipate what an opponent might say. Your email address will not be published. Your job during the research phase is to find counterarguments and material to refute them, and in the drafting phase to construct your argument in a way that incorporates these objections and counterarguments. Your reader will lose interest the minute you get repetitive. You’ll also need to look for redundancy. For example: “Raymond Rodriguez, arguing in ‘The Social Contract’ (Summer, 1992) for closing the Mexican border to immigration, suggests that ‘Regulating immigration is as important as enacting agreements to control trade and pollution of the environment—and for many of the same reasons. He has placed this objection just after his claim that all people should be given the opportunity for redemption, because he knows that that’s the claim that is most likely to ignite this counterargument in the reader’s mind. This type of essay calls for extensive research of literature and, at times, empirical research through surveys and interviews. Don't waste time. Would the statement be more direct? List of best Opposing Viewpoints essays, topics - argumentative, MLA, APA format. The burden of proof is on you, as the author of the argument. : To be an ace arguer, you’ll need to clearly state your objections to your opponent’s arguments and support your objections with evidence. Satire can be used in less formal essays to inject humor and relax the reader’s defenses. What is it?
Argumentative essays give information and present an argument with the pros and cons on the issue. Signposts enable the reader to follow our arguments easily. If you fail to neutralize a common objection, readers will have an excuse to reject your argument. How are they different? HIRE verified writer $35.80 for a 2-page paper It’s presented reasonably and respectfully. Find sources for topics and topics that are controversial. 2011 statement for those essay and their management, 2010 essay will write the presidential race, followed by e. To instructor: a goodargumentative essay must try to counteract an online color codes each essay prompt tba. The first step for creating a strong opposition section is to thoroughly understand your audience. Often, the opposition has a very valid disagreement against your position, so valid that it might cause you to rethink your position. Remember, skeptical readers need to be convinced that your position is more reasonable than their own, and so your refutation will need to be both accurate and thorough. The trick is to use this technique without alienating readers, and that is not an easy balance. Required fields are marked *. Your email address will not be published. Just as with your own argument, you’ll want to find the best thinkers on the opposing side of the argument. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Just as you built your own argument, to refute opposing views, you’ll need to include evidence from research studies, statistics, and quoted opinions from experts. For example, to begin discussing the legalization of physician aid-in-dying with an audience that may be initially averse to the idea, you might begin with something like this: “The impending death of a loved one, particularly a person who can no longer communicate for herself, can pose intense ethical and emotional questions for those designated to make medical decisions for the patient. You’ll notice first that the author has an Hispanic surname, which lends ethos to his perspective. It is less likely to be used in academic writing. And even if your reader agrees with your thesis, she may be turned off completely by the lack of respect for other readers. Note the highlighted transitional cue word, “However.” This is a cue word that indicates that you are now stating your rebuttal, or disagreement with the opposition. Rather than addressing every possible objection to your thesis, you may decide at this point to eliminate the lesser objections, so as not to overload the paper with counterarguments. No matter how you decide to incorporate the counterargument into your essay, be sure you do so with objectivity, maintaining a formal and scholarly tone. This tactic, however, results in the unfair labeling of others’ arguments as uninformed, feeble, or otherwise unworthy of a considerate response. This is not only respectful, but also a great opportunity to drive home your own points to re-emphasize your argument. Tags: controversial, paper writing, pros and cons, research, speech, speeches, topics. There are several ways to introduce to your reader the counterarguments you’ve uncovered: quoting a source for the counterargument, paraphrasing a source, or using your own words to offer a rhetorical example or conditional statement. However, writers may neglect the next step, which is just as important: discussing opposing viewpoints and providing counterarguments. An opposing viewpoint essay calls for a student to investigate a topic and evaluate the evidence supporting one side of an argument. Support your objection with high-quality evidence, expert opinion, and solid reasoning: “The Bureau of Justice Statistics found that in 2005, punitive damages were awarded to only 5 percent of plaintiffs in civil trials.” Here, the writer uses both a widely respected source and statistics that refute the counterclaim. First of all, you'll need to gather evidence and present a well-reasoned argument on a debatable issue. Colorful language, appeals to emotion, and rhetorical devices hold little weight against a clearly fleshed-out position supported by appropriate examples and solid evidence offered by reputable sources. When researching the topic, then, don’t limit yourself to sympathetic sources; find sources that disagree with your argument. The second example presents the argument more sympathetically and realistically. Making a strong argument includes answering any of the potential objections that may form in a reader’s mind. Let’s consider the argument below and how you might include opposition: Argument: Schools should move to a year round curriculum. There are many valid ways to introduce an opposing view, but do try to present it in a neutral manner before you shoot it down. If you consistently come from your side of the issue, you may miss articles by some of the stronger opponents. An argumentative essay is a piece of writing that takes a stance on an issue. Some students admit that they see cheating as the only way to reconcile their conflicting obligations. Alternate back and forth between your argument and opposing points. An advantage of using quotations is that you are allowing the opposition to speak for itself. You are conceding that the opposing argument is not completely false. Just like any piece of evidence you include, you should make sure to include a transition from your previous point, introduce the opposing/alternative viewpoint, present the opposing/alternative viewpoint (which may be a quote, fact, statistic, paraphrase, or summary of someone else's argument), and then respond to it. Paraphrasing is a similar approach but allows you to contextualize the comment. Wouldn’t the meaning of a just society depend, then, on the court acting on your behalf?”. A straw-man argument can make a point overly simplistic, describe an incomplete concept or take a point out of context. An argument should take a stance about a particular point of view, thesis, or claim. Whichever way you choose to bring the counterargument into the discussion, however, you’ll want to use neutral language. Examples of Argumentative Language Below are examples of signposts that are used in argumentative essays. What is a bridge sentence in an essay, how to write a persuasive essay on romeo and juliet. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); When you consider and counteract opposing arguments, you strengthen your own argument. The Process of Argumentative Essay Writing. Where are they on the scale of opposition? The best way to counteract an opposing viewpoint is to anticipate what an opponent might say. In the revision stage, you’ll want to look at the balance of the paper. How do they interpret that evidence? You can change your thesis and claims and argue for the other side of the issue. The more your readers believe that you are being fair to your opponents, the more likely they are to be open to your refutation. Some writers make the mistake of introducing a weak or silly opposition to make it easier to refute. However, if you cite counterarguments from experts in the field, and then work to refute those arguments effectively, you can lend authority to your own argument. Finally, ensure that if your introduction and conclusion include counterargument scenarios (images, quotes, stories), they’re consistent with what you’ve found in the research. It's possible that you, too, are so dashing and your argume… Imagine that this reader is smart, informed, has thought carefully about the issue, and has reached a totally different conclusion. You will want to resist the temptation to skew the comment’s meaning or to editorialize! In fact, the opposition may state that studies on year-round schools have been inconclusive regarding the academic benefits. Neutral language is not emotionally charged, biased, or polemical. In order to write an effective persuasive essay, you need to choose a topic you feel strongly about, take a stand, understand opposing viewpoints and present your argument in a convincing, organized manner. (A reader might be wondering, “Did he really just compare immigrants to pollution?) Reason:   because students lose much of the previous year’s information and must be re-taught, wasting precious time and resources. If you summarize opposing views without attaching them to actual writers, it may appear as though you haven’t done your research. You may have heard talk-radio hosts and opinion columnists employ this strategy. Opposing Viewpoints Essay Example In fact, the whole thrust of the “choice” argument admits this and seeks to sideline Americans’ moral qualms by telling Americans that, even if it is a human life, the most that can be done is to persuade women not to have abortions. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. A good persuasive essay demonstrates not only why the writer’s opinion is correct, but also why the opposing view is incorrect. Rugby: Anticipating your opponents’ objections can help you structure your arguments more soundly. Gardening essay writing opposing essay viewpoints Writing how to write a case study report in social work! Paper Topics and Opposing Viewpoints Topics to Consider Search this Guide Search. The difference is while a persuasive essay may have a certain viewpoint, the argumentative essay will expand on it. Argument essay topics can be found everywhere. If he’s about to say, “Wait, what about…” beat him to the punch. Beginning your search can be as simple as putting the question into a search engine: “Why would anyone oppose hate-crime legislation?”. Satire is a humorous tone that can be deployed in summarizing a position in order to not only draw out its shortcomings, but also to correct or change the shortcomings of the position. Make sure your claims and your refutations are not repetitive. For example: “Opponents of the Animal Welfare Act claimed that the use of animal subjects in drug testing was absolutely necessary to save human lives.”. An academic argument supports its claim with sound reasoning, research, and evidence such as facts, statistics, and quoted opinions from authorities on both sides of the argument. Punitive Damage Awards in State Courts, 2005. Why might they disagree with your point of view? Instead, you will take this opposing position, supporting these claims. Instead of changing your thesis, consider conceding the point. Present your own argument first, and then present and counteract the opposing viewpoints. Overall, the process of argumentative essay writing is quite similar to that of writing other essays, but there are some specifics to consider. In doing this, you’re acting as a proxy for your readers, voicing their potential objections, hopefully at just the moment those objections arise in their minds. An argumentative essay is an essay which purpose is to present evidence to support an idea. The counter-argument paragraph presents the opposing arguments. A skeptical reader has a doubtful, questioning attitude, and expects a thorough presentation of logical reasoning and evidence. “Of course, there is a point to be made that nuclear energy creates less pollution than using coal or oil.”. You can boost your credibility by acknowledging specific sources who disagree with your position. It’s good for us to laugh at ourselves, and when we do so, we can relax our defenses and open up to the opposing argument. Persuasive writing is a fixture of modern life—found in advertising, newspaper editorials, blogs, and political speeches. Of course, you don’t want to stop there. So, how might one go about making such fundamental decisions?”. What life experiences might lead them to disagree with your point of view? In the process, you’ll win support from both sides of the argument for your reasonable approach. Try to anticipate what objections your readers might have to your argument, and try to understand why they might object. It requires a debatable topic with opposing points of view. We tend to have disdain for opposing arguments and aren’t open to even hearing what those on the other side have to say. An argument is a written or spoken form of defense. You’ll also notice that the publication and date is included, so a reader can quickly and easily find the original source material. University Library Of course, you will go on to explain why this counterargument is not conclusive, but as you introduce it, you show that you understand the logical and rational basis for the argument. By conceding to their point, or agreeing that the opposition has a strong argument, you are positioning yourself as respectful and are more likely to gain the audience’s trust. CC licensed content, Specific attribution,,,,,,,,,,,,,, Compare the following examples: “Students claim that they cheat on tests because they are too busy to study. In reality, students can find the time to study if they learn time-management skills.”, “Students face many time constraints: between work and family obligations, social responsibilities, sports, clubs, and the expectations of professors, who all think their class should be the top priority, students can have trouble finding time to study for all of their tests. ” 8 Identify the premises and conclusion of the argument. Get a verified writer to help you with Opposing Viewpoints Essay. It is important to clearly, completely, and respectfully state the opposing view. You’ll just need to use this technique with caution and care. During the research phase, you’ll want to have a respectful vision of both these people in your mind to build an argument that might help increase the understanding of where the other is coming from. To find a good topic for an argumentative essay, consider several issues and choose a few that spark at least two solid, conflicting points of view. What evidence do they look at? “The students we have tested in districts who have implemented year-round curriculum show higher test scores in math, reading, and science from those students in traditional 9-month districts,” says Sam Smith, Chair of Curriculum Design at Chimi-Changa. You’ve introduced two valid viewpoints. In each refutation paragraph, you’ll want to state your opponent’s argument, clearly state your objection to that argument, support your objection with evidence and supportive statements, and then conclude with a comparison of the ideas. But this actually weakens the writer’s argument. If your mind is changed in the process, so be it! Coming across as disrespectful or failing to take the opposition seriously is a sure way to make your own argument seem weak. Debate tournament: At a debate tournament, you don’t know what side of the argument you’ll be assigned to, so you have to research both sides! Or you can quote a politician or another public figure who has recently brought up the issue (keeping in mind that this latter option dates your paper), as long as you do it respectfully. Another way to present a counterargument is to introduce it in your own words in the form of an example. Considerations when writing… Who are they? The author of this paper has already introduced the referenced expert and is here introducing a new portion of Jones’s counterargument. Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through female … Some writers make the mistake of introducing a weak or silly opposition to make it easier to refute. As you can see by the previous example, the opposition has a valid point. In truth, the straw man is a well-known tactic, and readers can detect it quite easily. A respectful and well thought-out response will put you on the path toward a successful argument! They actually don’t know which side they’ll be arguing until the debate begins, and so they must be just as prepared to argue the side they don’t agree with as the one they believe in. It's not an easy task to write good argumentative essay. If this is true, then that may be true. Gather quotes summarizing their viewpoints and then go digging to find statistics and other research that both back and counter their claims. In your essay, you will need to state and refute these opposing views to give more credence to your argument. There are four basic parts to a refutation of an opposing argument: you introduce the counterargument, state your objection to it, offer evidence to support your view, and draw a clear conclusion by comparing the viewpoints head to head. In the research phase, gathering evidence against your argument will help you refute counterarguments in the writing stage. There is far less satisfaction in making a convincing argument if objections are left unanswered and evidence is swept under the rug. A conditional statement (if x, then y) gives the reader’s objections a voice in the context of the writer’s argument, “If all people suddenly became vegan in order to save the planet, would that create an overpopulation of livestock that would then do even more damage to the planet?”. How to write a get to know me essay, quotation marks in essays case study on hospital design physics topics for essays. Have you ever seen one of those courtroom dramas on TV or at the movies where, in a climactic moment, a lawyer is grilling a witness or delivering an impassioned argument, and the other lawyer stands up and weakly says, 'Objection,' but the first lawyer is so overpowering and exciting that the judge doesn't even seem to care about or acknowledge the objection? This, of course, means there’s another side, and readers might disagree with your point of view. Take note of their rationale and use of evidence. Your readers will deeply appreciate your efforts because they show respect for both the seriousness of your mission and for the readers themselves. Read our writing help and prompts with samples on Opposing Viewpoints for more insights Should be Willing to Cheat ( NY times 9/2012 ) concede that is. Follows the basic essay format as displayed in the paragraph ’ ll also need to gather evidence and an. 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